The Waalse Kerk in Arnhem is one of nine Waalse congregations in the Netherlands. This congregation has a rich history, originating in the beginning of the 16th century from France and the southern parts of the Netherlands as Calvinistic, Protestant communities. These French-speaking followers of Calvin's doctrine were suppressed and persecuted. They fled to the North, where they hoped to be able to profess their faith in all freedom.
In 1751, the first French-language service was held in what is now the Walloon Church, where after more than 250 years it still holds church services in the French language every fourth Sunday. As of 2018, the Walloon churches form a ring that is part of the Protestant Church in the Netherlands (PKN).